(646) 355-8777

Pediatric Incontinence - Remote Course - April 16-18, 2021 1:30pm - 5:00pm Pacific Standard Time (SOLD OUT)

  • Description

  • Schedule

  • Objectives

  • Remote Coures Info

  • Instructor

Price: $625 (Early Registrant Price $600)
Experience Level: Beginner
Contact Hours: 19.5

This two-and-a-half-day, remote course includes over five hours of pre-recorded leanring followed by a live, remote course taught by instructor Dawn Sandalicidi, PT on Zoom. 

According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), by 5 years of age, over 90% of children have daytime bladder control. What is life like for the other 10% who experience urinary leakage during the day? Bed-wetting is another pediatric issue with significant negative quality of life impact for children and their caregivers, with as much as 30% of 4 year-olds experiencing urinary leakage at night. Children who experience anxiety-causing events may have a higher risk of developing urinary incontinence, and in turn, having incontinence causes significant stress and anxiety for children. (Thibodeau et al., 2013) Having bowel dysfunction such as constipation is also a contributor to urinary leakage or urgency, and with nearly 5% of pediatric office visits occurring for constipation, the need to address these issues is great. (Constipation in Children, 2013) As pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction can persist into adulthood, pelvic rehabilitation providers must direct attention to the pediatric population to improve the health in our patient populations.

The pediatric population is greatly under-served causing undo stress for the child and family as well as development of internalizing and externalizing psychological behaviors. The two most common pelvic floor dysfunctions in the pediatric population are dysfunctional elimination syndrome and bed-wetting. This specialty continuing education course focuses on the treatment of children with day or nighttime incontinence, fecal incontinence, and/or dysfunctional voiding habits.

This course begins with instruction in anatomy, physiology, and in development of normal voiding reflexes and urinary control. The participant will learn terminology from the International Children's Continence Society, medical evaluation concepts for bowel and bladder dysfunction, and common dysfunctions in voiding and defecation. Common causes of incontinence in the pediatric patient will be covered, and a comprehensive approach to evaluation will be instructed including video examinations of the pelvic floor and surface electromyography (or sEMG, a form of biofeedback.)



This continuing education seminar is targeted to physical therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapist assistants, occupational therapist assistants, registered nurses, nurse midwives, and other rehabilitation professionals. Content is not intended for use outside the scope of the learner's license or regulation. Physical therapy continuing education courses should not be taken by individuals who are not licensed or otherwise regulated, except, as they are involved in a specific plan of care.



This is a beginning level course. There are no courses one must take as a prerequisite for this pediatric continuing education course.


Prerequisite Assignments

Read Suzanne's Story

Complete a Bladder Diary (Instructions attached)

 Additional documents will be emailed one week prior to the course



What to Bring:

Participants please log onto the meeting with a Theraband medium resistance and 10 cuff pound weight or equivalent


Are you treating pediatric patients and looking for helpful resources? Check out Herman & Wallace's Pediatric Pelvic Floor Manual

Constipation in Children. (2013)retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/constipationchild/#common
Thibodeau, B. A., Metcalfe, P., Koop, P., & Moore, K. (2013). Urinary incontinence and quality of life in children. Journal of pediatric urology, 9(1), 78-83.
Urinary Incontinence in Children. (2012). Retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/uichildren/index.aspx

Day One: 

1:30 Registration
2:00 Anatomy of the Pelvic Floor Muscles (PFM)
2:30 Posture and Development of the PFM
2:45 Normal bowel & bladder function in pediatrics
3:00 Standardization of terminology of bladder function in children and adolescents
3:15 Conditions and diagnoses
3:45 Break
4:00 Investigative Tools -Bladder diaries, uroflow, KUB’s, Ultrasound, Urodynamic tests & measures
6:00 Adjourn


Day Two:

9:00 Vesicoureteral Reflux
Physiology of defecation
9:30 Constipation and Encopresis: definitions treatment and medications Part 1
Questions & Break
Constipation Part 2
Video Demonstration Lab - External palpation of the PFM, PFM assessment with breath holding versus straining
Dysfunctional voiding 
Enuresis (Bedwetting): Definition, etiology, medical-behavioral management
Psychological considerations
Biofeedback foundations, evaluation & treatment with Video Demonstration Lab
Questions & adjourn

Day Three:

9:00 Medical evaluation
Therapy evaluation- subjective and objective
Questions & Break
Therapy assessment, goals & plan
Treatment session examples with Video demonstration Lab-DRA assessment; belly breathing assessment and treatment
Video Initial Evaluation
Stimulating a void -lecture and lab
Interactive Case studies
Questions and adjourn

Upon completion of this continuing education seminar, participants will learn:

  1. List 2 muscles groups and describe 3 functions of the pelvic floor
  2. Understand the development of normal urinary control in pediatrics
  3. Understand medical red flags for abnormal voiding and when to refer to medical doctor
  4. List the 4 phases of defecation and describe the rectal anal inhibitory reflex
  5. Identify common causes of constipation and its’ relationship to bladder dysfunction
  6. Perform soft tissue techniques for constipation
  7. Describe the pelvic floor relationship to voiding reflexes
  8. Understand pediatric urology terminology and investigative tools used for testing the pediatric patient for differential diagnosis
  9. Discuss education and treatment about diet including bladder health and bladder retraining
  10. Understand pediatric pelvic floor dysfunctions on SEMG as it relates to bowel and bladder function
  11. Identify the need for referral based on SEMG findings and visual PFM assessment
  12. Evaluate the effects of posture and positioning on pelvic floor muscle recruitment and relaxation
  13. Understand the psychological effects of bedwetting, daytime urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence and know when to refer to appropriate practitioners
  14. Describe behavioral treatments or Urotherapy for pediatric pelvic floor dysfunctions
  15. Understand the use of surface electromyography (SEMG) in the pediatric patient
  16. Develop treatment progressions for children with pediatric bowel and bladder dysfunction
  17. Perform verbal instruction of pelvic floor activation
  18. Perform 3 different diaphragmatic breathing techniques for pediatric patients including diastasis rectus abdominis assessment with examples of core activation
  19. Discuss the effects of toileting postures on pelvic floor muscle recruitment and relaxation

Attending a remote course is easy and safe, and you can do it entirely from the security and comfort of your own home or clinic without having to find a lab partner.


Important thing to note:

- Our policy for applying for continuing education credit for remote courses differs from that of our in-person and satellite lab courses. Read the specific language of the policy here. Depending on the state in which you practice, you may need to submit your own application to your state board or approving body should you wish that it be approved for continuing education credit in your state.

- To attend a remote Herman & Wallace course, registrants will need Zoom video conferencing software. This is a requirement. One can create an account and download the software to their computer at https://zoom.us/

- We use the Pacific Time Zone for all of our remote course start and end times (this is not the case for in-person and satellite lab locations). Please make a note of this and set your calendar accordingly.

- A Zoom account is free to create. Before the meeting, we recommend having a practice Zoom session with a friend or colleague so you can test your microphone, video, and internet connection. You can participate in any remote course from the comfort of your home, but will need a stable internet connection in order to participate. We recommend downloading the software and practicing a call with a friend or colleague prior to your course with us. Zoom also offers video tutorials on their website at https://support.zoom.us/hc/en-us/articles/206618765-Zoom-Video-Tutorials.

- Still have questions about Remote Courses? Check out our Frequently Asked Questions on Remote Courses

Dawn Sandalcidi PT, RCMT, BCB-PMD

Dawn Sandalcidi

Dawn Sandalcidi PT, RCMT, BCB-PMD specializes in orthopedic manual therapy, and pelvic muscle dysfunction (incontinence and pain) treatment. She has trained medical professionals in manual therapy since 1992 both nationally and internationally. She owns a private practice in Denver, Colorado. Dawn received her BS in physical therapy in 1982 from SUNY Upstate Medical Center in Syracuse, New York. Over the next four years, she participated in extensive international postgraduate studies in manual and manipulative therapy of the spine and extremities in Germany, Switzerland and New Zealand. Over 17 years ago, Dawn became the first physical therapist to treat pelvic muscle dysfunction in the Denver area. Since then she has developed a pediatric dysfunctional voiding treatment program in which she lectures on nationally. She has further studied pediatric conditions in post graduate work at Regis University. Dawn has published articles in the Journal of Urologic Nursing, the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy, and the Journal of Women’s Health Physical Therapy.