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September is Gynae Cancer Awareness Month

September is Gynae Cancer Awareness Month – but how aware are we as clinicians of the signs and symptoms, the epidemiology and the sequalae of treatment afterwards? As pelvic rehab specialists, we have the privilege of helping women live well after cancer treatment ends, both on a ‘local’ pelvic area (bladder, bowel, sexual and pelvic pain management strategies) but also on a more ‘global’ level – dealing with issues such as cancer related fatigue, bone health and cardiovascular concerns.

We know that women who are diagnosed with cancer of the vulva, vagina, cervix, endometrium or ovaries are treated with a combination of surgery, radiation or chemotherapy. However, with improving treatment and better survival rates, there is evidence that a variety of pelvic health concerns may arise for these women, both during and after treatment. (Hazewinkel et al 2010). For example, urinary incontinence is reported in 80% of women treated for endometrial cancer, with more severe symptoms and impact on quality of life in those who had adjuvant radiation (Erekson et al 2009) In Malone’s 2017 paper, ‘The patient’s voice: What are the views of women on living with pelvic floor problems following successful treatment for pelvic cancers?’, the author notes that ‘…there is currently a lack of knowledge regarding the effects of PFD on QoL in this cohort. Patients do not always report these problems to their health care providers and clinicians may underestimate symptoms…In the context of having survived cancer, PFD may be seen as relatively trivial. However, in the context of resuming normal living, the symptoms experienced by the survivors may be significant’.

This can present a clinical conundrum – often pelvic rehab therapists are nervous when working with a patient who has a current or previous gynecologic cancer diagnosis, but similarly oncology rehab specialists may have qualms about dealing with pelvic health issues, with the result that these women fall through the cracks and do not have their pelvic health issues managed properly (or at all). Theodore Roosevelt once said ‘No one cares how much you know, until they know how much you care’ and this is especially relevant for oncology pelvic rehab. Often you may be the first clinician to ask about bladder, bowel or sexual function or dysfunction. An understanding of the effects of cancer treatments on the pelvis is important but so too is the wealth of information you may already have about bladder, bowel and sexual health as well as neuroscience and pain education.

The most important thing is to ask these women about their pelvic health concerns – the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship defined cancer survivorship as extending from ‘the time of diagnosis and for the balance of life’. An emphasis on quality of life has been emphasised – if we know that cancer survivors may not independently volunteer information about their pelvic floor dysfunction, it is our responsibility to ask the questions and comprehensively treat and advocate for these women, in order to help them live well after cancer treatment ends.


  1. Hazewinkel MH. Sprangers MA, Velden Jvd, Vaart CH, Stalpers LJ, Burger MP ‘Longterm cervical cancer survivors suffer from pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms: A cross-sectional matched cohort study’ Gynecol Oncol 2010;117(2):381-6
  2. Erekson EA, Sung VW, Disilvestro PA, Myers DL ‘Urinary symptoms and impact on quality of life in women after treatment for endometrial cancer’ Int Urogynecol J 2009;20(2):159-63
  3. Malone P, Danaher D, Galvin R, Cusack T ‘The patient’s voice: What are the views of women on living with pelvic floor problems following successful treatment for pelvic cancers?’ Physiotherapy Practice and Research 38(2017)93-102
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Upcoming Continuing Education Courses

Boundaries, Self-Care, and Meditation - Remote Course

Sep 12, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Replacement Remote Course

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - Phoenix, AZ (Postponed)

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Banner Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - Medford, OR Satellite Location

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Asante Rogue Valley Medical Center

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - Self-Hosted

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Self-Hosted Course

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - San Diego, CA Satellite Location

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: FunctionSmart Physical Therapy

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - Colorado Springs, CO Satellite Location

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Manual Edge Physiotherapy

Mobilization of Visceral Fascia: The Urinary System - Fairlawn, NJ Satellite Location

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Bella Physical Therapy

Low Pressure Fitness for Pelvic Floor Care - Trenton, NJ (Postponed)

Oct 2, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Robert Wood Johnson Medical Associates

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Grandville, MI Satellite Location

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Apogee Therapy Center

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Ann Arbor, MI Satellite Location

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Probility Physical Therapy

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Lansing, MI (Postponed)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Physical Therapy Services of Lansing

Pelvic Floor Level 1- Canton, OH (POSTPONED)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Aultman Hospital

Pudendal Neuralgia and Nerve Entrapment - Minneapolis, MN (Postponed)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Viverant

Yoga for Pelvic Pain - Remote Course

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Replacement Remote Course

Male Pelvic Floor - Colorado Springs, CO

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: St. Francis Medical Center

Oncology of the Pelvic Floor Level 2A - Chicago, IL (Postponed)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Yoga for Pelvic Pain - Albany, NY (Postponed)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: The Sage Colleges

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Satellite Lab Course

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Replacement Remote Course

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Self-Hosted

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Self-Hosted Course

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Canton, OH Satellite Location (SOLD OUT)

Oct 3, 2020 - Oct 4, 2020
Location: Aultman Hospital

Boundaries, Self-Care, and Meditation - Princeton, NJ

Oct 9, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Princeton Healthcare System

Pelvic Floor Level 2A - Self-Hosted

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Self-Hosted Course

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Boston, MA (Postponed)

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Northeastern University

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - San Diego, CA Satellite Location

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Water and Sports Physical Therapy Clinics

Pelvic Floor Level 2A - Kansas City, MO (Postponed)

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Centerpoint Medical Center

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - Appleton, WI Satellite Location

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Orthopedic & Spine Therapy

Pelvic Floor Level 1 - San Diego, CA (Postponed)

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Water and Sports Physical Therapy Clinics

Osteoporosis Management - Remote Course (Rescheduled)

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Replacement Remote Course

Pregnancy Rehabilitation - Remote Course

Oct 10, 2020 - Oct 11, 2020
Location: Replacement Remote Course